Beniqne Joubin 1639 –

Jean Joubin’s father Benigne Joubin was born about 1639. He was from Benoit, diocese of Lavaur, in Languedoc region of France.

Around the world

The Thirty Years War began in 1618 and ended when Benigne was 9 years old. The Thirty Years War was a religious civil war between the Protestants and Roman Catholics in Germany that engaged the Austrian Habsburgs and the German princes. The war soon developed into a devastating struggle for the balance of power in Europe.

Benigne Joubin was born one year after King Louis XIV. The king of France was the most successful of all the European kings in perfecting absolute monarchy. Two great ministers, Cardinal Richelieu, and Cardinal Mazarin, built up the power of the crown, and in the process was aided by the long 72-year reign of Louis XIV. His words ‘L’etat c’est moi’ (‘I am the state’) express the spirit of a rule in which the king held all political authority. His opulent palace of Versailles became as much European fashion as the French language, customs and culture.

Languedoc, France

The region where Benigne Joubin lived was 435 miles from Paris. The terrain of Languedoc was hilly plateau. A mixed climate of Mediterranean and Semi-Oceanic, created unpredictable weather. Spring is humid and foggy, summer very hot, and winter is short. It is quite near the Spanish border.

Languedoc was an economically profitable area, producing wheat, barley, wine and olives. Providing access from the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean via the Bay of Biscay, it was part of a traditional trade route, exporting wine and wool, and importing spices, pepper, perfume, porcelain and weapons.

In the 15th century, a provincial parliament was established in the principal city, Toulouse.

During Benigne lifetime, the region of Languedoc was relatively calm after a turmultuous 16th century in which regional governers were waring with the King. A threat much more serious reached Toulouse in 1629 and then again in 1652 leaving thousands of victims: the plague. Most of the clergy left the city, the richest people also fled. Only the docotrs were required to stay. Starvation led leaders to restrict butchers and bakers from leaving. In 1654, when the second epidemic ended, the city was devastated.

Spouse: Jeanne Rivos

He married Jeanne Rivos, born about 1642 in the district of Albi, Tarn, in Languedoc, in the south of France.