Pierre-André Renaud took the name Locat by distortion of the name of the locality he was originated, Leucate. Leucate is a Mediterranean sea port about halfway between Narbonne and Perpignan in France. The form of the name: Renaud _dit_ Locat is equivalent to Renaud _said_ (AKA) Locat. The name Leucate varied from Leaucat (1709) to Laucatte (1753) and Locquat as used in Pierre-André’s marriage contract (1669). Source: www.prydein.com
Soldiers in the Carignan-Salières Regiment
Pierre-André was a soldier and it was general practice among soldiers to take a nickname, sometimes their place of origin, a geographic feature, a trade.Pierre-André was a soldier in the Carignan-Salières regiment, Granfontaine company.
By the mid 1600’s the French in New France had developed very strong commercial ties with the Algonquin and Huron Indians in the fur trade. So when the Iroquois waged war on the Algonquins and Hurons, as they had for many years, even before the Europeans arrived in North America, the French went to the aid of their commercial partners. By doing so, the French earned the hatred of the Iroquois. Prodded on by the English, who also wanted the French out of North America, the Iroquois began raiding French villages and slaughtering the people.
When the Iroquois began raiding French villages and slaughtering the people, the French began to form military units under militia Captain Pierre Boucher. However, this wasn’t enough so Governor Davaugour dispatched Pierre Boucher to France to seek help from King Louis XIV.
At that time, there was a regiment of seasoned soldiers in France known as the Carignan Regiment. It had been formed as a private armyin 1644 by Thomas François de Savoie, Prince de Carignan. This was an army for hire, made up of hand-picked volunteers. The standards were very high and these men had to be big and strong physically with a strong fighting spirit. In the hire of the King of France, this regiment had just returned from a successful engagement against the Turks. Rather than demobilize the regiment, the King determined to send it to New France (Canada) to help the colonists. The Regiment was placed under the command of Henri de Chapelas, Sieur de Salières and was therefore renamed the Carignan-Salières Regiment.
In 1662, the Marquis Alexandre de Prousille de Tracy was named Lt. General of North and South America by Louis XIV. He was ordered to wipe out the Iroquois in New France. This was to be accomplished by the Carignan Regiment. In April of 1665, he left for New France, arriving in Québec on June 30th. Over the next three months the rest of the Regiment – officers and soldiers – arrived from France 1,200 strong.
Over the next two years, the Regiment manned garrisons and launched attacks on the Iroquois. By the end of this period, their task was accomplished. The countryside became peaceful for a time. About 800 of these soldiers went back to France. The remaining 400 stayed. The officers were encouraged to stay with promises of fiefs (land containing many square miles). Their troops were promised concessions of large tracts of land in these same fiefs. They could farm and start a new life in the New World.. this land called New France ~ Canada!
This was to increase the occupation of the territory quite a bit and provide military protection through the militia.Usually the officers were granted a large piece of land (seigneury or fief) that they could divide into lots of 20 X 3 to 30 by 4 arpents (about 45 to 90 acres) or more depending on the localization, quality of soil, etc. Many soldiers followed their officers in the venture and established on those lots. Source: www.prydein.com
Marie Françoise Desportes
Pierre Andre Renauld dit Locat married Marie Francoise Desportes November 5th, 1669. Marie was one of the Kings Daughters or Filles du Roi.
The filles du roi, were some 770 women who arrived in the colony of New France (Canada) between 1663 and 1673, under the financial sponsorship of King Louis XIV of France. Most were single French women and many were orphans. Their transportation to Canada and settlement in the colony were paid for by the King. Some were given a royal gift of a dowry of 50 livres for their marriage to one of the many unmarried male colonists in Canada. These gifts are reflected in some of the marriage contracts entered into by the filles du roi at the time of their first marriages.
The filles du roi were part of King Louis XIV’s program to promote the settlement of his colony in Canada. Some 737 of these women married and the resultant population explosion gave rise to the success of the colony. Most of the millions of people of French Canadian descent today, both in Quebec and the rest of Canada and the USA (and beyond!), are descendants of one or more of these courageous women of the 17th century. Source: www.fillesduroi.org
The children of Jean and Françoise
Louise Renaud Locas
When Louise Renaud Locas was born in 1669, her father, Pierre, was 24, and her mother, Francoise, was 17. She had five brothers and seven sisters. She died on March 26, 1769, at the impressive age of 100.
When Jean Renaud was born on October 29, 1671, in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, his father, Pierre, was 26 and his mother, Francoise, was 19. He died on December 4, 1715, in Charlesbourg, Quebec, Canada, at the age of 44.
When Pierre Renaud was born on December 15, 1672, in Sillery, Quebec, Canada, his father, Pierre, was 27 and his mother, Francoise, was 20. He died on January 26, 1713, in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, at the age of 40.
When Françoise-Elisabeth Renaud was born on January 17, 1675, in Sillery, Quebec, Canada, her father, Pierre, was 30, and her mother, Francoise, was 23. She married Jean Joubin dit Boisverd on May 2, 1694, in Grondines, Quebec, Canada. She died on March 2, 1743, in Grondines, Quebec, Canada, at the age of 68.
When Marguerite Renaud was born on October 16, 1676, in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, her father, Pierre, was 31, and her mother, Francoise, was 24. She had five brothers and seven sisters. She died on May 13, 1755, in Champlain, Quebec, Canada, having lived a long life of 78 years.
When Antoinette Renaud was born in 1678 in Sillery, Quebec, Canada, her father, Pierre, was 33, and her mother, Francoise, was 26. She died in 1750 in Terrebonne, Quebec, Canada, at the age of 72.
Marie Anne Renaud
When Marie Anne Renaud was born on February 25, 1680, her father, Pierre, was 35, and her mother, Francoise, was 28. She had five brothers and seven sisters. She died on February 4, 1750, at the age of 69.
Pierre Renaud Locas
When Pierre Renaud Locas was born on May 18, 1684, in La Pérade, Quebec, Canada, his father, Pierre, was 39 and his mother, Francoise, was 32. He died on September 29, 1740, in Terrebonne, Quebec, Canada, at the age of 56.
When Louise Renaud was born in 1686, her father, Pierre, was 41, and her mother, Francoise, was 34. She died on September 10, 1757, in Montmorency, Quebec, Canada, at the age of 71.
When Jacques Renaud was born on April 14, 1689, his father, Pierre, was 44 and his mother, Francoise, was 37. He was married on January 13, 1724, in Grondines, Quebec, Canada. He died on April 16, 1762, in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, at the age of 73.
When Madeleine Renaud and her twin sister Marie Isabelle Renaud were born on January 10, 1691, their father, Pierre, was 46 and their mother, Francoise, was 39. She married Pierre Gareau on January 7, 1715, in St Francois, Missouri. She died on May 13, 1755, in Champlain, Quebec, Canada, at the age of 64.
Marie Isabelle Renaud Locas
When Marie Isabelle Renaud Locas and her twin sister Madeleine were born on January 10, 1691, in Batiscan, Quebec, Canada, their father, Pierre, was 46 and their mother, Francoise, was 39. She had five brothers and seven sisters. She died on July 22, 1771, in St-François-de-Sales, Quebec, Canada, having lived a long life of 80 years.
When Francois Renaud was born on January 1, 1693, his father, Pierre, was 48 and his mother, Francoise, was 41. He had four brothers and eight sisters. He died on December 24, 1777, in Terrebonne, Quebec, Canada, having lived a long life of 84 years.