Pierre Andre Renaud 1645 – 1713

Pierre-André Renaud took the name Locat by distortion of the name of the locality he was originated, Leucate. Leucate is a Mediterranean sea port about halfway between Narbonne and Perpignan in France. The form of the name: Renaud _dit_ Locat is equivalent to Renaud _said_ (AKA) Locat. The name Leucate varied from Leaucat (1709) to Laucatte (1753) and Locquat as used in Pierre-André’s marriage contract (1669). Source: www.prydein.com

Soldiers in the Carignan-Salières Regiment
Source: quebec.acadian-home.org

Pierre-André was a soldier and it was general practice among soldiers to take a nickname, sometimes their place of origin, a geographic feature, a trade. Pierre-André was a soldier in the Carignan-Salières regiment, Granfontaine company.

By the mid 1600’s the French in New France had developed very strong commercial ties with the Algonquin and Huron Indians in the fur trade. So when the Iroquois waged war on the Algonquins and Hurons, as they had for many years, even before the Europeans arrived in North America, the French went to the aid of their commercial partners. By doing so, the French earned the hatred of the Iroquois. Prodded on by the English, who also wanted the French out of North America, the Iroquois began raiding French villages and slaughtering the people.

When the Iroquois began raiding French villages and slaughtering the people, the French began to form military units under militia Captain Pierre Boucher. However, this wasn’t enough so Governor Davaugour dispatched Pierre Boucher to France to seek help from King Louis XIV.

At that time, there was a regiment of seasoned soldiers in France known as the Carignan Regiment. It had been formed as a private armyin 1644 by Thomas François de Savoie, Prince de Carignan. This was an army for hire, made up of hand-picked volunteers. The standards were very high and these men had to be big and strong physically with a strong fighting spirit. In the hire of the King of France, this regiment had just returned from a successful engagement against the Turks. Rather than demobilize the regiment, the King determined to send it to New France (Canada) to help the colonists. The Regiment was placed under the command of Henri de Chapelas, Sieur de Salières and was therefore renamed the Carignan-Salières Regiment.

In 1662, the Marquis Alexandre de Prousille de Tracy was named Lt. General of North and South America by Louis XIV. He was ordered to wipe out the Iroquois in New France. This was to be accomplished by the Carignan Regiment. In April of 1665, he left for New France, arriving in Québec on June 30th. Over the next three months the rest of the Regiment – officers and soldiers – arrived from France 1,200 strong.

Over the next two years, the Regiment manned garrisons and launched attacks on the Iroquois. By the end of this period, their task was accomplished. The countryside became peaceful for a time. About 800 of these soldiers went back to France. The remaining 400 stayed. The officers were encouraged to stay with promises of fiefs (land containing many square miles). Their troops were promised concessions of large tracts of land in these same fiefs. They could farm and start a new life in the New World.. this land called New France ~ Canada!

This was to increase the occupation of the territory quite a bit and provide military protection through the militia. Usually the officers were granted a large piece of land (seigneury or fief) that they could divide into lots of 20 X 3 to 30 by 4 arpents (about 45 to 90 acres) or more depending on the localization, quality of soil, etc. Many soldiers followed their officers in the venture and established on those lots. Source: www.prydein.com

 

Marie Françoise Desportes

Pierre Andre Renauld dit Locat married Marie Francoise Desportes November 5th, 1669. Marie was one of the Kings Daughters or Filles du Roi.
The filles du roi, were some 770 women who arrived in the colony of New France (Canada) between 1663 and 1673, under the financial sponsorship of King Louis XIV of France. Most were single French women and many were orphans. Their transportation to Canada and settlement in the colony were paid for by the King. Some were given a royal gift of a dowry of 50 livres for their marriage to one of the many unmarried male colonists in Canada. These gifts are reflected in some of the marriage contracts entered into by the filles du roi at the time of their first marriages.

The filles du roi were part of King Louis XIV’s program to promote the settlement of his colony in Canada. Some 737 of these women married and the resultant population explosion gave rise to the success of the colony. Most of the millions of people of French Canadian descent today, both in Quebec and the rest of Canada and the USA (and beyond!), are descendants of one or more of these courageous women of the 17th century. Source: www.fillesduroi.org

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